Published February 7, 2002
by McFarland & Company .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||190|
Over 30 years ago, Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States confirmed that race was the primary factor in determining the location of siting toxic wastes. Published by the United Church of Christ, the report’s release set in motion a movement addressing environmental health and social justice now known as environmental justice (EJ). Environmental Justice in the 21st Century: Race Still Matters Robert D. Bullard Environmental Justice Resource Center Clark Atlanta University Hardly a day passes without the media discovering some community or neighborhood fighting a landfill, incinerator, chemical plant, or some other polluting industry. This was not always the case. location of commercial hazardous waste facilities and race. The second was a descriptive study which documented the widespread presence of uncontrolled toxic waste sites in racial and ethnic communities throughout the United States. Among the many findingq that emerged from these studies, the. The more second-generation environmental policy problems emerge, the more everyone—governments, companies, and citizens, in the United States and around the world—must come into partnership.
The Toxic Wastes and Race and Toxic Wastes and Race at Twenty reports are the landmark study and follow-up study that demonstrated a direct correlation between the placement of toxic waste facilities and communities of poverty and/or color. This first report was the ground breaking study from which the term "environmental racism" was coined. Today, legislation and court cases refer to this. For example, in the United States, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)  has separate subtitles for solid waste, i.e., Subtitle C is for hazardous solid waste and Subtitle D is for nonhazardous solid waste. Incidentally, even though it is a subset of “solid” waste, a hazardous waste may be of any physical phase, that is. - National Park Service Organic Act created the National Park Service. – Los Angeles Air Pollution Control District created; first air pollution agency in the US. – Federal Water Pollution Control Act – National Air Pollution Control Act; – California Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Board created to test automobile emissions and set standards. It is the legacy of this Love Canal “brand", Newman argues, that has enabled this site to shed light on the alarming consequences of industrial waste, both in the United States and beyond. Love Canal is perhaps best known for instigating the adoption of the Superfund Act, the first US law to establish means for remediating toxic waste.
midst, the first to challenge placement of a toxic waste facility under civil rights law. In “Environmental Justice in the 21st Century,” Robert Bul-lard describes the landmark Houston case as prelude to wide-spread protests and more than arrests which took place 3 years later in Warren County, North Carolina. In Neil Shifrin was an environmental engineer for 45 years and is now a BS in Chemical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania and a PhD in Civil/Environmental Engineering from MIT, Dr. Shifrin has worked on essentially every type of environmental problem in the United founded a consulting firm, Gradient Corporation, and specialized in water quality, hazardous. ous waste problem in the United States, by examining what is known about the number and location of toxic waste sites and estimates of cleanup costs. It then describes the Love Canal disas ter in Niagara Falls, New York, and efforts to deal with it. To emphasize the widespread existence of hazardous waste . The EPA is given complete control over hazardous waste in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, which mandates the agency manage all aspects of toxic waste management.